Temporal Punishment

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Sin incurs two punishments: eternal and temporal. The eternal punishment confines the soul to eternity in Hell, but the sacrament of Penance forgives the punishment.  The temporal punishment requires a sinner’s expiation or reparation for his sins, and remains after the sin is forgiven, as God’s method of loving discipline.

And have you completely forgotten this word of encouragement that addresses you as a father addresses his son? It says,

“My son, do not make light of the Lord’s discipline,
and do not lose heart when he rebukes you,
because the Lord disciplines the one he loves,
and he chastens everyone he accepts as his son.”

(Hebrews 12:5-6)

The Catholic Church Catechism (CCC) identifies three major ways of expiation: prayer, fasting, and almsgiving. Any good work, sacrifice and patiently bearing our sufferings expiate sins (CCC1459-1460).   Christ redeemed humanity through Sufferingand the Holy Spirit told me “Your suffering is your treasure.”

The gaining of indulgences is another way of expiation (CCC 1471).  The merits Christ gained were enough to expiate all sins, and his merits combined with the merits of Mary and the saints form the Spiritual Treasury of the Church (CCC 1476).  The Church grants indulgences for the remission of temporal punishment from the treasury. A Plenary Indulgence remits all temporal punishment of a sinner, while a Partial Indulgence remits partial punishment.

If a sinner does not expiate all sins before he dies, he must complete expiation in Purgatory (CCC 1030) to enter into Heaven. Catholics pray for the souls in Purgatory, because “it is a holy and beneficial thought to pray for the dead to be loosed from their sins.”  (2 Macc 12:46)

 

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