Jesus and the Jewish Messiah

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The Jewish people awaited a political messiah to liberate them from the Roman Empire.  Several pages in the Old Testament indicated the Messiah, and Jesus of Nazareth repeatedly referred to Himself and His mission in several prophecies from (Daniel 2,7,9).   Many Jews realized Jesus was the Messiah.

 

The Kingdom of God

 

Jesus loved to talk about “the kingdom of God”:

“The time is fulfillled and the kingdom of God is at hand; repent, and believe in the gospel.” (Mark 1:14-15)

Jesus spoke often about the importance of entering the kingdom to have eternal life:

 “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born anew, he cannot see the kingdom of God.” (John 3:3)

 

Jesus alluded to the fulfillment of a prophecy of Daniel when Jesus talked about the coming of “the kingdom of God.”

“The God of Heaven will set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed.” (Daniel 2:44)

 Jewish expectations about the coming of the kingdom of God were alive during the first century.  “The time is fulfilled and the kingdom of God is at hand” (Mark 1:15).   The prophet Daniel indicated the time and the kingdom.

 

The Son of Man

 

“The Son of Man” was one of Jesus’ favorite references about Himself.

 

“For the Son of Man goes as it is written of him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed!  It would have been better for that man if he had not been born.” (Mark 14:21)

 

When Jesus spoke about “the Son of Man,” He referred to another prophecy from the book of Daniel.  The kingdom of God and the heavenly “Son of Man” will come during the Roman Empire.  Early Jewish interpreters knew the messianic identity of “The Son of Man,” because Jesus proclaimed the kingdom of God was “at hand” and referred to Himself as “The Son of Man.”

 

The Death of the Messiah

 

 Jesus spoke about being delivered to authorities and put to death – “The Son of Man” will suffer and die.

 

“And he began to teach them that “The Son of Man” must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and the chief priests and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again.  And he said this plainly.” (Mark 8:31-32)

 

The messianic Son of Man must suffer and die in fulfillment of biblical prophecy.  [The angel Gabriel said to Daniel:] “Seventy weeks of years [ 70 x 7 = 490 years ] are decreed concerning your people and your holy city, to finish transgression, to put an end to sin, and to atone for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal both vision and prophet, and to anoint a most holy [one].” (Daniel 9:24)

The King Artaxerxes of Persia decreed to rebuild the Temple of Jerusalem on 457 BC and Jesus was crucified in 33 AD.  Observe that 457 + 33 = 490.

 

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